Lima Vaz: between denial of metaphysics and the anacronym of absolute reason for the epistemology of modernity
The loss of the ability to understand the present time, marked by the reason instrumentalization abandoning the metaphysical dimension, reaches the human existential condition itself, generating an anachrony. Given this, it is necessary to present and understand the causes that led to this condition from the construction of a modernity phenomenology, through the reading of Henrique Cláudio de Lima Vaz. From there, it will be possible to establish a way that can explain the context of today's society, its complexity and the generation of its enigma: the inexistence of an ethos. The absence of ethos as the founding reference of ethos-hexis, praxis loses its references, being guided not by the finalism of logos - the absolute of reason -, but merely objectified needs, marked by the relativism of values and selfish practices. Directly, this change in the time-historical-social-ethical reality will cause the human to end up losing his freedom and, consequently, his identity.
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