GRAMSCI AND LITERATURE IN THE ANGLOPHONE WORLD
The current study analyzes Gramsci’s reflections on literature, focusing on recent research and with an emphasis on North American culture. Gramsci’s influence is brought out and analyzed in the following works: Contingency, Hegemony, Universality: Contemporary Dialogues on the Left. an important collection of critical theory, and the debate between Marco Roth and Joseph North over the crisis in North American literary studies in a recent issue of the magazine n+1. Gramsci’s thought can provide a solution to the methodological difficulties outlined in n+1. Showing his engagement with questions that have been examined in our own time by the theorists Judith Butler, Ernesto Laclau, and Slavoj Žižek, Gramsci presents a critical vision which puts universality and contingency in relation to one another. Gramsci’s concept of hegemony—the subject of many different interpretations starting at the end of World War II—can, in fact, be understood as an unconscious structuring force that is continuously active. The relationship between politics and culture, from this perspective, becomes an effort to construct a counter-hegemony, which is characterized by a sense of redemption in the face of the dominant powers. In thinking about art and literature, Gramsci elaborates an original and innovative approach, in which the binary coordinates of western thought are abandoned in favor of contingency.
FRANCIONI, Gianni. L’officina di Gramsci. Ipotesi sulla struttura dei Quaderni del carcere. Napoli, 1984.
GRAMSCI, Antonio. Quaderni del carcere. Edizione critica dell’Istituto Gramsci. Ed. Valentino Gerratana. 4 vols. Torino: Einaudi, 2007.
GRAMSCI, Antonio. Selections from Cultural Writings. Trans. William Boelhower Ed. Gerratana.
MARX, Karl. Theses on Feuerbach. Trans. Cyril Smith and Don Cuckson, 2002: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/theses/index.htm.
ROTH, Marco. “Tokens of Ruined Method,” n+1 29 (Fall 2017).