Nursing interventions and outcomes for pressure ulcer risk in critically ill patients

  • Luana Nunes Caldini
  • Renan Alves Silva
  • Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo
  • Francisco Gilberto Fernandes Pereira
  • Natasha Marques Frota
  • Joselany Áfio Caetano
Keywords: Nursing Process, Nursing Care, Pressure Ulcer, Risk Factors, Intensive Care Units, Critical Care.


Objective: to establish relationships between nursing interventions and outcomes for the diagnosis Pressure ulcer risk in critically ill patients. Methods: longitudinal study of 63 patients in an intensive care unit. An instrument with clinical data of patients and the Braden Scale were used. The cross-mapping technique was used to establish the nursing interventions and outcomes for each risk factor. Results: four intervention/outcome relationships were found for sensory perception; 11 for moisture; five for activity; six for nutrition; four for mobility; and three for friction/shear. Conclusion: thirty-three relationships related to the observed risk factors were found, with higher frequency of moisture. The relationships found with moisture were: urinary elimination, response to medication, wound healing: secondary intention, self-care: bathing, fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance, intestinal continence and tissue integrity: skin and mucous membranes.