Factors associated with frailty syndrome in elderly women

  • Clóris Regina Blanski Grden
  • Vanessa Regina de Andrade
  • Luciane Patrícia Andreani Cabral
  • Péricles Martim Reche
  • Erildo Vicente Muller
  • Pollyanna Kássia de Oliveira Borges
Keywords: Aged, Frail Elderly, Nursing, Geriatric Nursing.

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the factors associated with frailty syndrome in elderly women in an outpatient clinic. Methods: cross-sectional study with 252 elderly women. The Mini Mental State Examination and the Edmonton Frail Scale were applied. The association of variables was performed using simple linear regression (Fisher’s F and Student’s t tests), p≤0.05.Results: there was prevalence of married women (44.4%) with low schooling (50.0%) and living with relatives (50.8%). Among them, 28.6% had mild, 13.0% moderate and 3.6% severe frailty. The factors associated with the syndrome were age (p=0.021), level of education (p=0.001), living with relatives (p=0.013), illnesses (p=0.023), falls (p=0.001) and hospitalization in the last 12 months (p=0.001). Conclusion: evidenced that almost half of the sample presented some type of frailty. Thus, it is important to evaluate this population frequently, considering the associated factors that can contribute to frailty.
Published
2017-11-21
Section
Article