Risk assessment of falls in the elderly assisted in the Family Health Strategy

Keywords: Aged; Risk Factors; Accidental Falls; Primary Health Care.

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the risks, the occurrence and the factors associated with falls in the elderly assisted in the Family Health Strategy. Methods: descriptive, observational study carried out with 132 elderly assisted in the Family Health Strategy. Data was collected through questionnaires and analyzed by univariate and inferential exploratory statistics. Results: exposure of the elderly to risk factors for falls was significant, with dizziness/vertigo being the most evident among intrinsic factors, indicated by 73.3% of the participants. Regarding the extrinsic factors, the most important reported by the elderly were irregular floors (94.7%), stairs or unevenness of the floor (85.6%), and bathroom without support/bars (92.2%). Conclusion: the elderly are potentially vulnerable to falls, especially due to exposure to risk factors at home, as they have shown greater evidence when compared to factors related to aging itself.

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Published
2018-12-26
Section
Research Article