Characterization and risk factors for pressure ulcers in the hospitalized elderly


  • Chrystiany Plácido de Brito Vieira
  • Mirtes Sousa Sá
  • Maria Zélia de Araújo Madeira
  • Maria Helena Barros Araújo Luz



Aged, Pressure Ulcer, Risk Factors, Nursing


This study aimed to identify the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics; obtain the risk factors for pressure ulcers identified in hospitalized senior citizens. This is a prospective, descriptive, and quantitative study. The sample consisted of 215 hospitalized elderly people in a public hospital in Teresina, PI, Brazil, in orthopedic, neurological, medical, and surgical clinics, and Intensive Care Units from November/2012 to February/2013. Data collection happened through interviews, physical examinations, and medical records. The average age was 71.8 years old, most patients were female (55.3%), with low education, and married. The majority were taken into orthopedics (42.3%). For the length of hospital stay, the average was of 12.4 days. The most prevalent risk factors were hypertension, use of analgesics, antihypertensives, and anticoagulants. Eighty-seven senior citizens (40.5%) presented low risk. One highlights the importance of nursing care in the prevention and assessment of risk for pressure ulcers in order to reduce its incidence in hospitals.




How to Cite

Vieira, C. P. de B., Sá, M. S., Madeira, M. Z. de A., & Luz, M. H. B. A. (2014). Characterization and risk factors for pressure ulcers in the hospitalized elderly. Rev Rene, 15(4).



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)