Vulnerabilities of homeless women: social markers of gender and race/color

Keywords: Homeless Persons; Social Vulnerability; Gender Studies; Racial Groups; Women.

Abstract

Objective: to unveil the vulnerabilities of homeless women linked to the social markers of gender and race/color. Methods: qualitative study, developed with ten homeless women through participant observation, field diary, and sociodemographic questionnaire, systematized based on content analysis. Results: it was found that gender identity and race/color act as potentiators of the situation of vulnerability of women. It is believed that structural racism and machismo feed back into the streets and perpetuate themselves in a perverse cycle of denial of women's rights, which is potentiated by the omission of the State and extensive social and economic inequality. Conclusion: gender and race/color potentiate the vulnerabilities of homeless women that intersect precarious social conditions, denial of rights, and favor illness. Contributions to practice: to present information that enables reflections and creation of care strategies for homeless women, understood in their singularities.


References

Pereira LI, Mattos DL. Somos humanos na rua, não somos lixo”: análise da Política Nacional para a Pessoa em Situação de Rua e o caso do município do Rio de Janeiro. Rev Programa Pós-Grad Direito UFC. 2019;39(1):243-64. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-460X2019350413

Barros KCC, Moreira RCR, Leal MS, Bispo TCF, Azevedo RF. Maloca women: experiences in the context of the streets Rev Enferm Bras. 2020;19(5):394-402. doi: http://doi.org/10.33233/eb.v19i5.4025

Sicari AA, Zanella AV. Homeless people in Brazil: a systematic review. Psicol Ciênc. 2018;38(4):662-79. doi: 10.1590/1982-3703003292017

Ceccon RF, Meneghel SN.Gender inequities: women with hiv/sida in situation of violence. Physis. 2017;27(4):1087-103. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312017000400012

Catoia CC, Severi FC, Fimino IFC. “Alyne Pimentel” case: gender violence and intersectionalities. RevEstudFem. 2020;28(1):e60361. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9584-2020v28n160361

Barros KCC, Moreira RCR, Leal MS, Bispo TCF, Azevedo RF. Healthcare experiences of homeless pregnant women. Rev Rene. 2020;21:e43686. doi:https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20202143686

Halpern SC, Scherer JN, Roglio V, Faller S, Sordi A, Ornell F, et al. Clinical and social vulnerabilities in crack users according to housing status: a multicenter study in six Brazilian state capitals. Cad Saúde Pública. 2017;33(6):e00037517. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00037517

Cassal M, Fernandes T. A população negra em situação de rua e a covid-19: vidas negras importam? Rev Antrop Arqueo [Internet]. 2020 [cited Jun 14, 2022];8(1):97-104. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpel.edu.br/ojs2/index.php/tessituras/article/view/18911

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Censo 2010 [Internet]. 2010 [cited May 16, 2022]. Available from: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br

Kroef RFS, Gavillon PQ, Ramm LV. Field diary and the researcher’s relationship with the theme-field in intervention research. Estud Pesq Psicol. 2020;20(2):464-80. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.12957/epp.2020.52579

Bardin L. Análise de conteúdo. São Paulo: Edições 70; 2016.

Kyrrilos GM. Uma análise crítica sobre os antecedentes da interseccionalidade. Rev Estud Fem. 2020;28(1):e56509. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9584-2020v28n156509

Omerov P, Craftman AG, Mattsson E, Klarare A. Homeless persons’ experiences of health - and social care: a systematic integrative review. Health Soc Care Community. 2020;28(1):1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12857

Esmeraldo AFL, Ximenes VM. Homeless women: psychosocial implications of stigmas and prejudices. Psicol Cienc Prof. 2022;42:e235503. doi: http://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3703003235503

Nardes S, Giongo RC. Homeless women: memories, daily life and access to the public policies. Rev Estud Fem. 2021;29(1):e66011. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9584-2021v29n166011

Schuck AL, Gesser M, Beiras A. Dialogues between gender and experiences with the street population. Rev Psicol Polít [Intenet]. 2020 [cited May 16, 2022];20(48):279-94. Available from: http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/pdf/rpp/v20n48/v20n48a03.pdf

Siqueira PM, Hernandez ML, Furtado LAC, Feuerwerker LCM, Moreno HV, Santos HE. “Oh pedaço de mim, oh metade amputada de mim…”. Saúde Redes. 2018;4(supl1):51-9. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.18310/2446-4813.2018v4n1suplemp51-59

Bersani H. Aportes teóricos e reflexões sobre o racismo estrutural no Brasil. Extraprensa. 2018;11(2):175-96. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.11606/extraprensa2018.148025

Silva TO, Araújo EM, Freitas KS, Silva SSB. Política nacional de saúde integral da população negra: uma proposta de avaliação. Saúde Debate. 2021;45(129):354-65. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-11042021129102

Novaes ED, Souza SAB, Pereira W. O direito à educação e as possibilidades deressignificações: um relato de experiência com pessoas em situação de rua. Rev InSURgência. 2020;5(2):190-214. doi: http://doi.org/10.26512/insurgencia.v5i2.29081

Published
2022-08-16
How to Cite
Barros, K. C. C., Moreira, R. de C. R., Oliveira, J. F. de, Nascimento, D. F. B. do, Jesus, M. E. F. de, & Ferreira, R. B. S. (2022). Vulnerabilities of homeless women: social markers of gender and race/color. Rev Rene, 23, e80608. https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20222380608
Section
Research Article