Health behaviors of people with hypertension: health belief model


  • Ariane Alves Barros
  • Maria Vilaní Cavalcante Guedes
  • Denizielle de Jesus Moreira Moura
  • Luciana Catunda Gomes de Menezes
  • Letícia Lima Aguiar
  • Gleudson Alves Xavier



Hypertension, Health Behavior, Nursing, Life Style.


This study aimed to identify the lifestyle of hypertensive patients, focusing on their health behaviors in light of the Health Belief Model. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample of 133 patients over 18 years old, with hypertension, registered in the Clinical Management System for Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care, and monitored in five health centers in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil, chosen randomly and probabilistically. Data collection happened through a structured interview that was designed based on the Health Belief Model, from March to December 2013. Participants perceived the disease’s severity and felt susceptible to develop complications from hypertension. They reported receiving treatment correctly; however, the values of blood pressure, waist-hip ratio, and body mass index were high. Thus, it is necessary that health professionals implement strategies that favor hypertensive patients who are undergoing treatment to have healthy behavior.




How to Cite

Barros, A. A., Guedes, M. V. C., Moura, D. de J. M., Menezes, L. C. G. de, Aguiar, L. L., & Xavier, G. A. (2014). Health behaviors of people with hypertension: health belief model. Rev Rene, 15(3).



Research Article

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