Dialogues on the body image of the elderly: community empowerment strategy promoting health

Keywords: Aged; Health of the Elderly; Health Promotion.1Universidade Estadual de Maringá. Maringá, PR, Brasil.Autor correspondente: Raquel Cristina Luis Mincoff. Rua Pioneiro Mário Buralli, 458. CEP: 87053-268. Maringá, PR, Brasil. E-mail: raquel.mincoff@gmail.com

Abstract

Objective: to understand dialogues on body image with the elderly in Primary Health Care. Methods: action research, developed with 15 elderly participants of a coexistence group. The data were obtained by the techniques of photo-elucidation and emancipatory workshop, later submitted to the Descending Hierarchical Classification using the IRaMuTeQ® software. Paulo Freire’s theoretical-analytical framework was followed. Results: aging reflected a combination between the representative changes of reality, with distorted visions and related to the jovial stereotype. Collective actions signaled that the elderly recognized the changes caused by old age, but these did not prevent them from participating in the group independent of their self-esteem, strengthening the process of empowerment. Conclusion: the concern of beauty and appearance as body representations imposed by society was highlighted, even with the natural marks of aging, the elderly feel satisfied with their body image.

References

Guimarães JS, Lima AP, Cardoso FB. Efeito da prática do Tai Chi Chuan na autoestima e autoimagem de idosos. Rev Bras Prescriç Fisiol Exerc [Internet]. 2018 [citado 2018 set. 13];11(71):952-9. Disponível em: http://www.rbpfex.com.br/index.php/rbpfex/article/view/1317/1005

United Nations Development Programme. Human Development report 2015: work for human de-velopment [Internet]. 2015 [cited Sep 13, 2018]. Available from: http://hdr.undp.org/sites/de-fault/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf

Costa FRD, Rodrigues FM, Prudente COM, Souza IFD. Quality of life of participants and non-participants of public physical exercise programs. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2018; 21(1):24-34. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562018021.170136

Ferreira AA, Menezes MFG, Tavares EL, Nunes NC, Souza FP, Albuquerque NAF, et al. Estado nutricional e autopercepção da imagem corporal de idosas de uma Universidade Aberta da Terceira Idade. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2014; 17(2):289-301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232014000200007

Jesus MBC, Bomfim MRB, Santos ICVS, Martins MF, Aleluia IRS, Ribeiro NA, et al. O impacto de atividades coletivas na capacidade funcional em idosos. Rev Saúde Com. 2017; 13(2):894-901. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22481/rsc.v13i2.439

Fonseca CC, Chaves ECL, Pereira SS, Barp M, Moreira AM, Nogueira DA. Autoestima e satisfação corporal em idosas praticantes e não praticantes de atividades corporais. Rev Educ Fis UEM. 2014; 25(3):429-39. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/reveducfis.v25i3.22050

Freire P. Pedagogia do oprimido. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra; 2018.

Freire P. Pedagogia da autonomia: saberes necessários à prática educativa. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra; 2017.

Valença TDC, Santos WS, Lima PV, Santana ES, Reis LA. Physical disability in old age: a structural study of social representations. Esc Anna Nery. 2017; 21(1):e20170008. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1414-8145.20170008

Dabove MI. Derechos humanos de las personas mayores en la nueva Convención Americana y sus implicancias bioéticas. Rev Latino-am Bioética. 2016; 16(1):38-59. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18359/rlbi.1440

Moura MMDD, Veras RP. Acompanhamento do en-velhecimento humano em centro de convivência. Physis Rev Saúde Coletiva. 2017; 27(1):19-39. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0103-73312017000100002

Wetzel M, Huxhold O. Are leisure activity and health interconnected after retirement: educational differences. Advances Life Course Res. 2016; 30:43-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2016.03.007

Oliveira E, Soares CB, Silva JA. Emancipatory action research with young schoolchildren: experience report. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. 2016; 37(3):e62059. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2016.03.62059

Cortés AIR. Desenhos, vinhetas e diagramas: ouvindo as narrativas das crianças através da elucidação gráfica. Rev Pesq Qual [Internet]. 2017 [citado 2018 set. 13]; 5(8):312-26. Disponível em: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318378659/download

Oliveira E, Souza GC, Soares CB. Pesquisa-ação: oficinas emancipatórias como instrumento para coleta de dados e apreensão das representações cotidianas. Rev Sociol Rede [Internet]. 2015 [citado 2018 set. 13]; 5(5):12-26. Disponível em: http://redelp.net/revistas/index.php/rsr/article/view/2soares5

Ferreira ACP, Araújo EC, Abreu PD, Vasconcelos LMR, Valença KSL, Santana MÊS. Family assessment of transsexual women with HIV/AIDS in the light of the Calgary Model. Rev Enferm UFPE on line [Internet]. 2018 [cited Sep 13, 2018];12(3):801-4. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/234405/28049

Lopes MA, Krug RR, Bonetti A, Mazo GZ. Envelhecendo na percepção das pessoas longevas ativas e inativas fisicamente. Estud Interdiscip Envelhec [Internet]. 2014 [citado 2018 set. 13]; 19(1):141-53. Disponível em: http://seer.ufrgs.br/index.php/RevEnvelhecer/article/view/40524

Garbaccio JL, Tonaco LAB, Estêvão WG, Barcelos BJ. Aging and quality of life of elderly people in rural areas. Rev Bras Enferm. 2018; 71(Suppl 2):724-32. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2017-0149

Frazão MCLO, Pimenta CJL, Silva CRR, Vicente MC, Costa TF, Costa KNFM. Resiliência e capacidade funcional de pessoas idosas com diabetes. Rev Rene. 2018; 19:e3323. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.2018193323

Published
2018-12-26
Section
Research Article