Criminal experts’ experience on forensic traces not preserved by health and safety professionals

Keywords: Health Personnel; Emergency Medical Services; Expert Testimony; Crime; Forensic Nursing.

Abstract

Objective: to unveil experts’ experiences on traces not preserved by health and safety professionals. Methods: qualitative research developed with 27 criminal experts through telephone interview. Data were processed in IraMuTeQ and analyzed by the Descending Hierarchical Classification. Results: four thematic classes were obtained that evidenced the existence of a communication gap with the pre-hospital service experienced by experts, who believe that training of these professionals and police officers is necessary. In cases of differentiation between suicide and homicide, experts experience corpse mobilization, in addition to weapon removal from the original location. Health professionals mischaracterize the victim’s corpse and leave health care objects, such as gloves and syringes, in place, while police mischaracterize the scene, move objects and do not adequately isolate the scene. Conclusion: experts experience forensic traces not preserved by health and safety professionals in the position of objects and the victim’s corpse, feel a communication gap and point out the need for training and awareness of professionals. Contribution to practice: the findings can redirect the training of police officers and health professionals who work with crime situations.


References

Sala D. A perícia criminal: evidências, profissional perito e nulidade pericial–uma revisão literária. Rev Bras Criminal. 2018;7(3):28-31. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15260/rbc.v7i3.262

Farth JV, Silva OV. A preservação do local de morte e sua importância para a eficácia da investigação criminal. Rev Terra Cult [Internet]. 2019 [cited Apr 25, 2022];34:29-48. Available from: http://periodicos.unifil.br/index.php/Revistateste/article/view/1006

Camilo LS. Preservação da cena de crime pelo enfermeiro no serviço de atendimento móvel de urgência: uma revisão integrativa. Ciênc Biolog Saúde Unit [Internet]. 2017 [cited Apr 25, 2022];4(2):185-202. Available from: https://periodicos.set.edu.br/cadernobiologicas/article/view/4602/2503

Rocha HN, Rodrigues BA, Paula GVN, Araújo JPA, Gomes TA, Souza ARN, et al. The nurse and the multidisciplinary team in the preservation of forensic traces in the emergency and emergency service. Braz J Health Rev. 2020;3(2):2208-17. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n2-073

Souza JSR, Resck ZMR, Andrade CUB, Calheiros CAP, Terra FS, Costa ACV, et al. Construction and validation of an instrument for Forensic Nursing and similar graduation disciplines. Rev Rene. 2020;21:e44196. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20202144196

Bhardwaj P. Types of sampling in research. J Pract Cardiovasc Sci. 2019;5(3):157-63. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jpcs.jpcs_62_19

Falqueto JMZ, Hoffmann VE, Farias JS. Saturação teórica em pesquisas qualitativas: relato de uma experiência de aplicação em estudo na área de administração. Rev Ciênc Adm. 2018;20(52):40-53. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2018V20n52p40

Sousa YSO. O uso do software Iramuteq: fundamentos de lexicometria para pesquisas qualitativas. Est Pesq Psicol [Internet]. 2021 [cited Mai 24, 2022];21(spe):1541-60. Available from: https://www.e-publicacoes.uerj.br/index.php/revispsi/article/view/64034/40275

Bragias A, Hine KA. Effectrive communication during major crises: a systematic literature review to identify best practices for police. Police Pract Res. 2021;22(5):1492-507. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2020.1821681

Ozsaker E, Kaya A, Alcan AO, Van Giersbergen MY, Aktas EO. Forensic cases in the operating room: knowledge and practices of physicians and nurses. J Perianesth Nurs. 2020;35(1):38-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2019.06.010

Botteon VW. Interpretação do padrão das manchas de sangue em um caso de homicídio em local inidôneo. Braz J Forensic Sci Med Law Bioethic. 2018;7(3):162-71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17063/bjfs7(3)y2018162

Colombo-Souza P, Tranchitella FB, Ribeiro AP, Juliano Y, Novo NF. Suicide mortality in the city of São Paulo: epidemiological characteristics and their social factors in a temporal trend between 2000 and 2017 Retrospective study. Sao Paulo Med J. 2020;138(3):253-8. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2019.0539.R1.05032020

Celeste SKA, De Oliveira MPA, Silva ML. Avaliação dos índices de mortalidade por suicídio no município de Sousa-PB nos anos de 2016 e 2017. Rev Interd Saúde. 2019;6(5):185-98. doi: https://doi.org/10.35621/23587490.v6.n5.p185-198

Sabrinskas R, Hamilton B, Daniel C, Oliffe J. Suicide by hanging: a scoping review. Int Ment Healt Nurs. 2021;31(2):278-94. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12956

Mousseau V, Baechler S, Crispino F. Management of crime scene units by Quebec police senior managers: Insight on forensic knowledge and understanding of key stakeholders. Sci Justice. 2019;59(5):524-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2019.04.004

Anozie OB, Lawani LO, Eze JM, Mamah EJ, Onoh RC, Ogah EO, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice of healthcare managers to medical waste management and occupational safety practices: findings from Southeast Nigeria. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11(3):IC01-IC04. doi: http://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/24230.9527

Silveira AM, Pereira A. Isolamento e Preservação de Local de Crime-Procedimento Substancial à Integridade do trabalho Pericial. Rev Bras Crimin. 2020;9(2):56-61. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15260/rbc.v9i2.355

Published
2022-09-20
How to Cite
Silva, R. X., Sá, G. G. de M., Souto, R. Q., Alcoforado, J. M. da S. G., Barros, L. M., Souza, H. P. de J., & Galindo Neto, N. M. (2022). Criminal experts’ experience on forensic traces not preserved by health and safety professionals. Rev Rene, 23, e80688. https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20222380688
Section
Research Article