Clinical validation of factors associated with sedentary lifestyle in adolescents

Keywords: Nursing Diagnosis; Sedentary Lifestyle; Adolescent Health.


Objective: to validate clinically the factors associated with nursing diagnosis sedentary lifestyle in adolescents. Methods: a cross-sectional study, developed with 158 adolescent students. The chi-square test was used to identify the association between the presence of sedentary lifestyle and associated factors. The level of significance was set at p<0.05. Results: the prevalence of sedentary lifestyle was 68.3%. The presence of associated factors such as poor knowledge about the benefits that physical activity brings to health and/or the consequences of physical inactivity, lack of resources for the practice of physical exercise, insufficient training to exercise and intolerance to activity increased the likelihood of presence of sedentary lifestyle (p<0.05). Conclusion: the nursing diagnosis sedentary lifestyle was prevalent among adolescents and there are specific factors that intensify the probability of developing this diagnosis.


Ferrari TK, Cesar CL, Alves MC, Barros MB, Goldbaum M, Fisberg RM. Healthy lifestyle in São Paulo, Brazil. Cad Saúde Pública. 2017; 33(1):1-12. doi:

Herdman TH, Kamitsuru S. NANDA international nursing diagnoses: definitions and classification 2015–2017. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2014.

Guedes NG, Lopes MVO, Cavalcante TF, Moreira RF, Araújo TL. Review of nursing diagnosis sedentary lifestyle in individuals with hypertension: conceptual analysis. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2013; 47(3):742-9. doi:

Oliveira MR, Silva VM, Guedes NG, Lopes MVO. Clinical validation of the “sedentary lifestyle” nursing diagnosis in secondary school students. J Sch Nurs. 2015; 32(3):186-94.

Gür K, Yurt S, Bulduk S, Atagöz S. Internet addiction and physical and psychosocial behavior problems among rural secondary school students. Nurs Health Sci. 2015; 17(3):331-8. doi:

World Health Organization. Adolescent health and development [Internet]. 2017 [cited Jan 16, 2019]. Available from:

Araújo CGS. Flexitest: an innovative flexibility assessment method. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2014.

Lourenço CLM, Zanetti HR, Amorim PRS, Mota JAPS, Mendes EL. Sedentary behavior in adolescents: prevalence and associated factors. R Bras Ci Mov [Internet]. 2018 [cited Apr 28, 2019]; 26(3):23-32. Available from:

Arancibia BA, Silva FC, Santos PD, Gutierres Filho PJ, Silva R. Prevalence of physical inactivity among adolescents in Brazil: systematic review of observational studies. Educ Fis Deporte. 2015; 34(2):331-58. doi:

Beighle A, Morrow JR. Promoting physical activity: addressing barriers and moving forward. J Phys Educ Recreat Dance. 2014; 85(7):23-6. doi:

Burgos MS, Gaya AC, Malfatti CRM, Muller A, Burgos LT, Pohl HH, et al. Lifestyle: leisure and recreational activities of school children from Santa Cruz do Sul. Rev Bras Educ Fis Esp. 2014; 23(1):77-86. doi:

Sá GB, Dornelles GC, Cruz KG, Amorim RC, Andrade SS, Oliveira TP, et al. The Health Academy Program as a strategy to promote health and healthy lifestyles: the national implementation scenario. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2016; 21(6):1849-60. doi:

Fernandes PA, Andrade ACS, Costa DS, Dias MAS, Malta DC, Caiaffa WT. Health Academies Program and the promotion of physical activity in the city: the experience of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2017; 22(12):3903-14. doi:

Müller WA, Silva MC. Barreiras à prática de atividades físicas de adolescentes escolares da zona rural do sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Rev Bras Ativ Fis Saúde. 2014; 18(3):344-53. doi:

Souza CA, Rech CR, Sarabia TT, Añez CRR, Reis RS. Self-efficacy and physical activity in adolescents in Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. Cad Saúde Pública. 2014; 29(10):2039-48. doi:

Ministério da Saúde (BR). Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde, Departamento de Atenção Básica. Passo a passo PSE: tecendo caminhos da intersetorialidade [Internet]. 2014 [citado 2019 jan. 30]. Disponível em:

Santos MS, Hino AA, Reis RS, Rodriguez-Añez CR. Prevalence of barriers for physical activity in adolescents. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2014; 13(1):94-104. doi:

Martins LCG, Lopes MVO, Guedes NG, Nunes MM, Diniz CM, Carvalho, PMO. Sedentary lifestyle in individuals with hypertension. Rev Bras Enferm. 2015; 68(6):1005-12. doi:

Fitzgerald A, Fitzgerald N, Aherne C. Do peers matter? A review of peer and/or friends’ influence on physical activity among American adolescents. J Adolesc. 2014; 35(4):941-58. doi:

Mendes CRS, Miranda MDC, Lima FET, Brito EAWS, Freitas I, Matias EO. Self-care practice of patients with arterial hypertension in primary health care. Rev Rene. 2016; 17(1):52-9. doi:

Research Article